Early Intensive Behavior Intervention (EIBI)
Expanded ABA Services for Children as Young as 12 Months
Peak Potential Therapy recently expanded its ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) services to children as young as 12 months of age who are diagnosed with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). The program is an Early Intensive Behavior Intervention (EIBI) model. Every child works 1:1 with a behavior technician or BCBA Supervisee under the direct supervision of an onsite Board Certified Behavior Analyst at our center in an early-childhood school setting. Every child’s program is customized to meet his/her individual needs. Services occur in treatment rooms (discrete trial teaching), with peers in the therapy center’s common space (play and social skills) and/or in the community. Parents can observe sessions and/or receive parent training, so they can carry their child’s new skills into the home and community. Families have the flexibility to schedule the best time for their child to receive services. Our Center is open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Why early intervention EIBI?
While ABA is effective for teaching all ages, EIBI teaches the youngest child positive skills and reduces negative behaviors. Teaching children socially appropriate behaviors as young as possible is more efficient. Research shows that children who begin receiving services prior to age 2 are more likely to make the most significant and lasting changes. Learning a positive behavior that “works” for the child can prevent him/her from developing a negative behavior that would need to be eliminated.
What funding is available?
EIBI can be funded prior to the age of 3 by the Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities Early Intervention POLR Program. From 3 -22 years of age, the Autism Scholarship Program can provide funding. From 5-22 years of age, the Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship is available. These are in addition to private insurance, which may also help cover costs. View additional funding options listed among our Grant Sources for Families.
What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)?
ABA focuses on the principles that explain how all learning takes place. Positive reinforcement is one principle. ABA systematically applies interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant skills to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvements in behavior (Baer, Wolf & Risley, 1968). Applied Behavior Analysis is data driven. Behavior factors such as number of occurrences or rate of behavior are measured before, during and after interventions to determine if a treatment has changed behavior and if the change is lasting. Parents are assured that their child’s behavior is improving.
ABA methods incorporated into EIBI:
- Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT): Structured teaching seated at a table. It is performed one-on-one in our treatment rooms.
- Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT): Treatment based on the child’s interests in a natural setting. Skills taught during PRT can make them more fun and socially rewarding. By teaching skills in a more natural environment the child is more likely to generalize them. When the child takes his/her skills into multiple environments, new skills can emerge. PRT can lead to a cascade of new skills.
- Incidental Teaching: The strategy of teaching predetermined behaviors in a pre-planned, natural setting arranged to trigger teaching opportunities, such as having a desired toy out of a child’s reach, in order that he/she must ask for it instead of just independently taking and playing with it.
Treatment schedule: Typically 20 – 40 hours per week, and can occur over years.
For example, a day of therapy may include:
- Establishing rapport with the technician as a “friend”
- Foundational skills such as eye contact, imitation and joint attention
- Receptive (understanding) followed by expressive (verbal) language skills
- Expanding language skills (requests, answering questions, conversation, etc.)
- Socialization and play skills (parallel play, engagement with peers, pretend play, etc.)
- Life skills (potty training, dressing, hand washing, etc.)
- Pre-Academic and Academic skills
- School readiness
What Autism Speaks says about EIBI:
In some studies, researchers compared intensive ABA with less intensive ABA and/or other early intervention or special education programs for children with autism. Generally, they found that children who receive intensive ABA treatment make larger improvements in more skill areas than do children who participate in other interventions. In addition, the parents of the children who receive intensive ABA report greater reductions in daily stress than do parents whose children receive other treatments.
While ABA is not guaranteed to produce definitive behaviors in children with ASD such as vocal language or a higher IQ, it is currently the most endorsed treatment for those diagnosed with ASD to lead as full a life as possible.
What supplemental services are available and complement the EIBI?
Peak Potential Therapy offers academic intervention services and speech-language therapy, which can be added into the child’s customized EIBI program. Supplemental services include family coaching, parent consultation, assistance with funding options, visual supports creation service, and support to families with finding respite care.
If you are interested in EIBI therapy services for your child, please contact the team at Peak Potential Therapy.